Describe an important event in history in your country.
Ok, I am going to talk about one of the most important events that happened in Chinese history. It's about how the ancient silk road was created. Since it played a vital role in history and nowadays, I'd like to share this event with you.
To the best of my knowledge, from 138-139 BC, a man named Zhang Qian who was an outstanding Western Han diplomat and traveller blazed a trail from China to the west. Actually, he started his journey from Chang'An, the ancient capital of China and ended at the eastern shore of Mediterranean Sea, which linked up fields, deserts, grasslands and mountains from China, to Middle Asia and to Europe. This was the ancient well-known silk road.
And finally, about why the historic event was so important. It's fair to say that it was a road that bridged China and the West. For example, we carried the great Chinese inventions like silk, gunpower, papermaking, and printing to the west and we brought back Western inventions, art works and cultures to China. Plus, the Ancient Silk Road has been named the world cultural heritage by UNESCO. And China is now focusing on developing a modern silk road. Thank you.
play a vital role in history在历史中扮演重要角色
blaze a trail开辟一条道路
the world culture heritage世界文化遗产
Describe an event in history in your country
You should say:
Where it happened
When it happened
How you know it
And how you feel about this event.
Well I guess everybody has heard about the story of Journey to the West. A monk named Xuanzang took three of his disciples to travel to the Western Regions to obtain Buddhist scriptures. They have suffered a lot on their way. Though the stories were made up, Xuanzang was a real figure in the history. He was a monk at Jingtu Temple in the early Tang Dynasty, which is about 1400 years from now. He felt that the Chinese translations of Buddhist scripture at that time were too poor, so he was determined to bring back the original Buddhist scriptures. He travelled a long distance to India. The journey took him a few years to complete. It was really a magnificent feat at that time. When Xuanzang finally arrived back in Chang’an, the emperor warmly welcomed him. The emperor provided money for his projects. A pagoda was built to store all the scriptures Xuanzang brought back from India. That pagoda is now the famous Big Wild Goose Pagoda located in Xi’an.
I think his story is quite inspiring. Also I feel I am so lucky to have been born in modern ages. Nowadays if I want to go to another country, I could take a plane. It only takes a day at most to go to any place in the world.
Describe a historical event you know.
You should say:
What it was,
When it happened,
Who attended this event,
and explain why it is important to know.
Ok, here I’d like to share some knowledge about Quyuan who drowned himself in a river but had great influence on his society and people. Quyuan was one of the greatest poets in ancient China. He enjoyed great popularity and honour at that time because he cared about people’s livelihood and the fate of the corrupt government. His prestige aroused jealousy of the king so he was banished to the remote area. He felt loss and disappointment so deeply when the capital of his country was captured by their enemy, so he drowned himself into Miluo River.
Local folks felt loss to his death so deeply that they implemented salvage for several days, but the result was just disappointing. So people decided to drop glutinous rice wrapped in bamboo leaves which is now called zongzi into the river to protect Quyuan’s body from eaten by the fish. So that day, the fifth day of the fifth lunar month, has become the day that people celebrate in memory of Quyuan. I think his dignity and spirit are highly noble, and I respect his action that rather ending his own life than being a capture of his enemy.
Now the fifth day of the fifth lunar month has become a public holiday called Duanwu Jie, literally Dragon Boat Festival when people find time to spend with families and enjoy watching the exciting dragon boat race. You see this is what I like it for. There are actually various options for people to choose, either to watch a live game in your local river or to enjoy a grand national game on TV. Several teams there to ride their dragon boat in orderly pace, shouting slogans loud, and it’s just all exciting. I personally enjoy watching a live as there’s heat there’s passion and all you do is just to shout loud with those team members. So that’s one of the really important events in Chinese history and I think I’ve already explained my feeling about it clearly.
A Historical Even
Describe a historical event from your country.
You should say:
what the event was
when and where it happened
how you learnt about this event
and explain why you remember this event so well.
The event I'd like to describe is called the Great Leap Forward, which is one of the worst things happened in the history of China.
If my memory serves me well, it happened from 1958 to 1961, at that time China was quite poor.
I mainly learnt this event through my history textbook, but I found my books quite vague about the details, so I went online to get information about this event. And the search was quite fruitful. I pretty much got a whole picture of this notorious event.
This event was led by Mao Zedong, who at that time was the president of China.
And he decided to initiate this event because he paid a visit to the Soviet Union and thought China could catch up with the western countries in no time.
This historical event had some major impacts on China, the first one of which is the rural economy. Before the Great Leap Forward, there were a huge number of farmers in China, but they were not allowed to grow their own crops, and many of them were forced to participate in steel production. As a result, the agriculture in China shrank dramatically.
Also, it caused the deaths of millions of people. It is said that over 18 million people died of the event. In some parts of the country, many villages simply disappeared. My grandpa actually experienced the horror of the event and he told me that it was totally unimaginable.
Thankfully, after the event, the leaders of China realized that they made a huge mistake, and decided to bring the economy back to the right track.
That’s the event I’d like to share with you.